History Of The City Of Jacksonville, Florida – An Ultimate Guide
If you’re curious to learn more about some of the unique history of the city of Jacksonville, Florida, then you’ve come to the right place. In this guide, we’re going to explore some of the unique history that this city has to offer, so you’ll soon have a new appreciation for its beginnings as well as the city in its current form. Keeping this in mind, let’s get straight to it.
First of all, it’s interesting to note that the city of Jacksonville was first known as Cow Ford, which was the name it was given by the initial British settlers way back in the late 18th-century. However, you may also be surprised to learn that there is a long and ancient history associated with the city, and there has even been evidence found that shows humans have been in the area for as long as 6000 years. Furthermore, there is archaeological data which shows various pottery works have been found that date all the way back to 2500 BC.
Of course, the city of Jacksonville has a long history with colonialism, with the first Spanish settlers arriving in 1513. In fact, these people happened to be the first European settlers to the area, but within 50 years they were also joined by further European missionaries and French Huguenots who were fleeing religious persecution at the time.
Another key piece of Jacksonville history is the importance it had during the American Civil War, where the city of Jacksonville was actually a key supply point for the Confederate army. However, its effectiveness was somewhat diminished due to the U.S. Navy blockade that existed along all of the Florida ports, which certainly included the city of Jacksonville as well.
Perhaps one of the most famous battles that is associated with Jacksonville is the battle of Olustee, where Union soldiers marched directly on the Confederate army, which resulted in a huge loss for both armies. In fact, there are still Confederate soldiers who are buried in cemeteries in the nearby cities surrounding Jacksonville.
After the Civil War period, Jacksonville experienced a number of rises and falls, with one of the biggest crises occurring during 1901 in an event known as the Great Fire. During this time, as many as 10,000 people were made homeless due to the raging fires that swept throughout the city, and during this time a state of martial law was declared in order to maintain order and reduce the damage that the city fire had caused.
Another fascinating fact of Jacksonville is how it was home to many of the early silent movie pictures that were becoming popular at the turn of the 20th century, and before Hollywood made its name, Jacksonville was actually one of the key hubs in the movie business due to its warm climate and exotic location that was favored for a variety of shoots.
It’s also worth noting that the city of Jacksonville has a long and established history regarding the U.S. Navy, and there has been a popular naval air station based here since the 1940s. It even became a key training ground during the 50s and 60s, and this caused many people to flock to the city which quickly helped to bolster its population. Furthermore, this is also one of the main reasons why the international airport was built in the area during the 1970s.
An unavoidable fact about Jacksonville is the effect that natural disasters have had upon it over the years, with Hurricane Dora being a particularly devastating hurricane that occurred on September 11, 1964. This hurricane ravaged the city causing widespread destruction, and there have been numerous other hurricanes following in its wake over the years, with the most recent one occurring in September 2017 during the flooding caused by Hurricane Irma.
At the end of the day, it’s easy to say that Jacksonville, Florida has a rich and varied history that makes it a fascinating place to visit, and the numerous ups and downs of the city make it one of the most interesting in the entire United States. Now that you have read this guide, you should have a better understanding of some of the key historical events that have occurred in this famous city.